The Institute for Justice and Reconciliation hosted an interesting conference focused on youth, and titled “Economic Justice for the Next Generation”. I presented on youth unemployment, in with Percy Moleke, Programme Manager: Research and Policy, National Planning Commission (NPC) and Jabu Mabuza, President: Business Unity South Africa (BUSA). It was a wonderful to speak on the panel, as each of my co-panelists provided important insights into the questions of youth unemployment. Percy Moleke provided a detailed picture of youth unemployment, and one of the best explanations of the concept of “wage subsidy” and active labour market policies that I have heard in a long time. Jabu Mabuza, the newly elected head of Business Unity South Africa, argued that the challenge of youth unemployment was so huge that we needed to focus on the underlying structure that leads us to the patterns of high youth unemployment. His presentation hinted at a bolder role for business in questions such as youth unemployment. These presentations should become available over the next few days at the Institute for Justice and Reconciliation website.